How to Configuration Microtic Router & Benefits of Microtic Router:
Mikrotik is a software developing company in Latvia, which has been developing advance and qaulity version of a Linux router since 1995. In 2002, they first offered a Wi-Fi hotspot capability which operated with definite internal (to the Linux computer) wireless cards and a few APs. In the mid of 2003, this range ofrouter/ networking has expanded to allow working with a wide range of vendor’s typical Wireless Access Points.
Mikrotik routerOS is the operating system of Mikrotik router board hardware. This networking system can also be installed on a PC and will turn PC into a router with all the necessary features like; routing,hotspot gateway, firewall, backhaul link, bandwidth management, wireless access point, VPN server and many more.
RouterOS is an only operating system based on the Linux v2.6 kernel, and our goal here at Mikrotik is to provide all these features with a quick and simple installation and an easy to use interface.
Mikrotik routerOS supports various ways of configuration –
- Local access with keyboard and monitor.
- Serial console with a terminal application.
- Telnet and secure SSH access over networks.
- A custom GUI configuration tool called win box.
- A simple web based configuration interface.
- An API programming interface for building your own control application.
If there is no local access and problem with IP level communications;RouterOS also supports a MAC level based linking with the custom made Mac-Telnet and Winbox tools.
RouterOS features a powerful, yet easy to learn command-line configuration interface with integrated scripting capabilities.
- Web interface
- Winbox GUI over IP and MAC
- API for programming your own tools
- CLI with SSH, Local console, Telnet and Serial console
New in RouterOS v4 is the Lua scripting language, which opens up a multitude of approaches in automation and programming of your router.
Some specific features and benefits of the Mikrotik Router are:
- It is sustained software with a perpetual stream of feature enrichments and fixes for problem experienced by a user’s. Bug fixes are normal and severe problems seem to be fixed in a short time. The Mikrotik system has a complete reference manual as the system has functions that allow it to do about everything.
- This networking system software itself inexpensive. An entirely working basic software system with PPPoE and it is limited for four simultaneous hotspot users and four total NAT entries are free to download and use from for estimation and limitless use.
- The Mikrotik networking system is quite complex and will take most people a while to learn in detail. However, with the cook book application guide that I have worked up HERE, a three port Hotspot router can be assembled and made operational in one evening by someone who just knows how to do medium complexity software installs on a PC.
- It is easy to give any number of user “groups” different privileges on the hotspot. For instance, group “guests” could be given 32kbps internet service speed upon login. Registered guests could be given 144kbps. Members could be given 1mbps and owners could be given full speed.
- The system allows the hotspot owner or operator to edit the locally stored html files used for FAQs, login, help pages, etc. The user can freely add or change links between these pages and the main login page using FrontPage.
- The software provides support for virtually all network interfaces that the Linux kernel 3.3.5 supports, except wireless, where the Atheros chipsets are the only supported hardware, as of routerOS version 6.33.
- It is possible to allow internet access to specific websites (with fixed IP addresses) without login when desired.
- Hotspot user verification can be done from a local list (it’s by default) or from a local or distant radius authentication server. The networking system can be programmed to use local confirmation when it is available and to query a radius server when the desired entry is not in the local list. The radius server is expected to periodically update the local list.
- The Mikrotik “UNIVERSAL CLIENT” optionally permits “any” roaming user with “any” normal IP address and gateway setup in his networking to access the hotspot without changing his networking setup. I really like this feature.
- It is most useful for the owner or operator of hotspots. Programming changes can be done by most any user who has knowledge of computer in the area of to change minor things. By this, “anybody” can change a user name, password and user group or setup a new user group with different capabilities and bandwidth allocations. Other changes similarly require that the user understand what he is doing. Routing changes demand that the user understand at least the basics of Linux IP table operation and setup.
- The Mikrotik networking system can be configured with multiple NICs with fluctuating capabilities. This eliminates the need in most cases for a separate router as the Mikrotik system can provide full NAT and firewall services for both the hotspot and for the local LAN services at the same time.
- Inbound service via the Mikrotik OS Router can direct traffic to mail servers or other computers or servers on the LAN.
- The one thing I know of that, the Mikrotik does not offer one feature that is provided in the NoCatAuth box is self-registration. With the Mikrotik box, registering and user permitting past the “guest” stage requires an email to the hotspot supervisor and manual input of a user ID and password. This input takes about half a minute via a windows based GUI.
- The bandwidth controlling system allows the user to control bandwidth for individual user groups and for entire NIC ports. Thus, you can prevent your hotspot users from using all of your bandwidth even if a number of users concurrently download large files.
- The Mikrotikrouter is undoubtedly an enormously complex networking system overall.